A type of abstract or semi-abstract painting characterized by the fragmentation of forms into masses of slanting lines. It was practised from 1912-1914 by Natalya S. Goncharova (Russian-French, 1881-1962), Mikhail Larionov (Russian-French, 1881-1964), and a few other Russian painters. Larionov's manifesto on Rayonism stated that it is a synthesis of Cubism, Futurism, and Orphism." Aspects of each of those isms can indeed be seen in Rayonist paintings — Cubism's breaking up of forms, Futurism's movement of forms, and Orphism's rich color. In addition, the Rayonists expounded a theory that objects emitted invisible rays which the painters could manipulate to their own purposes. "The rays which emanate from the objects and cross over one another give rise to rayonist forms. The artist transforms these by bending them to his desire for aesthetic expression." Goncharova and Larionov often applied the paint in their Rayonist works with palette knives.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Rayonism — Ray·on·ism (rāʹə nĭz əm) n. A style of abstract painting allied to futurism, developed about 1911, in which forms are depicted as emitting rays of light.   [French rayonisme, from rayon, ray (translation of Russian luchizm, from luch, ray). See… …   Universalium

  • rayonism — ray·on·ism …   English syllables

  • rayonism — ˈrāəˌnizəm noun ( s) Etymology: French rayonisme, from rayon ray + isme ism : a painting style initiated in Russia in 1911 by Michael Larionov in which natural appearances are depicted as semiabstractions of radiating rays of light …   Useful english dictionary

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